dark spots pigmentation

Dark spots on the skin can hide your confidence away. Though it’s naturally occurring, you can’t help but think of ways to treat it. Taking over-the-counter medications, lighteners and brighteners are one of the critical answers to hyperpigmentation. You can also seek professional strength from your dermatologist to better establish a plan suited for you. 

At Live Vibrant Wellness And Aesthetics, our goal is to help you ease those dark spots and establish a fresh and young-looking appearance for your skin. You don’t have to think about facing the crowd because you can be confident without a doubt!

See more about these dark spot & pigmentation treatments you can take for your hyperpigmentation. Scroll down more on this post. 

What is hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation happens when the skin creates more melanin. This oddity can develop spots or patches of the skin that appear darker than the surrounding areas. Dark spots or hyperpigmentation is a usual skin condition that affects people of all skin types.

There are some forms of hyperpigmentation, like melasma and sunspots. These types are more likely to affect skin areas where sun exposure is prominent. Other types of hyperpigmentation happen after skin inflammation and injury.

If you’ve got some burns, cuts, acne, and lupus, dark spots can occur anywhere on your body. Extra pigment in areas of the skin usually is harmless. But, it can sometimes indicate another medical condition.

What are the possible causes?

There are several causes for dark spots to occur. Some of them are the following: 

Sun damage

Sun-damaged are also called sunspots or liver spots. People can develop dark spots after getting exposed to the sun or where areas of the body receive the most sun exposure. The following parts are the hands, the face, arms, and legs. 

Hormonal changes

Melasma is a skin condition leading to small patches of skin discoloration. This condition is something usual in women, especially during pregnancy. Hormones may also trigger melasma to occur. 


Diabetes can make any skin darker. This condition that is associated with diabetes includes acanthosis nigricans, causing dark and velvety skin. It may also have diabetic dermopathy that people may confuse with age spots.

Medication side effects

Certain medications can increase pigmentation, leading to dark spots. The most common villains are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, psychotropic drugs, and tetracyclines.

Wound healing

Hyperpigmentation can remain after a burn, cuts, or insect bite. But this can fade in time. 


Dark spots can occur after an inflammation of the skin. Hyperpigmentation can happen for many reasons, including psoriasis, eczema, injury to the skin, and acne. 

Skin Irritation

Cosmetic skin or her products can irritate the skin. This condition can cause dark patches to form, 

What are the Symptoms of Dark Spots?

Dark spots on the skin can go from light brown to dark brown. Dark spot colors can also vary in the tone of a person. Usually, skin spots have the same texture as the skin and are not that painful. Dark spots can vary in size and happen on parts of the body. 

But, they are most common in areas where sun exposure is imminent. Hyperpigmentation is common in people with darker skin as the spots are darker than usual. Scars will fade away within 6 to 12 months. Deeper coloration can take years to fade, and deeper colors appear blue or gray.

Dark spots are common in the following areas:

  • Face 
  • Back
  • Neck 
  • Shoulders

Here’s a detailed symptom of dark spots according to their types: 

  • Melasma – large patches of darkened skin
  • Age spots – black spots or brown that appear with overexposure
  • Post-inflammatory – patches or spots of darkened skin

Removing the Dark Spots

Dark spots on the skin do not usually need treatment. But some people may want to remove the spots for aesthetic reasons. Dermatologists and doctors can offer procedures and creams to lighten those dark spots and remove them. 

In usual cases, treatments are more expensive than creams and will likely have side effects. But expect that these methods are faster than the standard methods. The best treatment option will always depend on the cost and the size of the dark spot.

Our dermatologist and doctors recommend the following dark spot & pigmentation treatments for the skin. 

Laser Treatment

There are various types of lasers available. But the usual treatment uses an intense pulsed light laser. This light targets melanin and breaks up the dark spots.


During this process, our dermatologist will use a particular device with an abrasive surface to eliminate the outer layer of the skin. This procedure promotes new collagen growth, helping to reduce the spots.

Chemical Peels 

A chemical peel includes:

  • Applying a solution to the skin.
  • Exfoliating the surface.
  • Leading to new skin growth.

It can gradually fate the dark spots on the skin.


This treatment involves putting liquid nitrogen into the dark patches to freeze them. It often hills the skin lighter after the procedure. 

Prescription Skin-Lightening Cream 

This lightening cream works by bleaching the skin and works gradually. But it can take several months to decrease the appearance of dark spots.

Hydroquinone is an active ingredient in creams preventing the skin from generating melanin. These products strengthen it to three to four percent. Also, injectable skin whitening products are available. But the FDA doesn’t recommend them because there is not enough evidence that suggests that they work. Besides, it may also have some risks and dangers. 

Treat your Dark Spots Today!

Dark spot and pigmentation treatments are available to help you eliminate those spots. There are types of hyperpigmentation that may cause those blemishes to appear. Understanding it and knowing what may be the cause is a step to finding the solution. 

It would still be best to talk with an experienced and skilled healthcare professional to help you achieve your goals. At Live Vibrant Wellness and Aesthetics, our Dermatologists and Doctors can help you create a customized plan. 

Feel young and fresh after taking the treatment that you deserve. If you’re interested in this treatment, have a seat with us today and book an appointment! We can’t wait to meet you and achieve your total aesthetic goals!


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